Trip Report: Customized Birding Tour in Guatemala (8-16 May 2009)

by Robert Orenstein

Participants: Richard Stanley Echler and Robert Orenstein.
Tour leader: Knut Eisermann


Claudia Avendaño and Knut Eisermann of Cayaya Birding organized a nine day custom tour that provided an excellent cross-section of the country. While my goal was to see some of the birds that have eluded me in previous visits to Guatemala and southern Mexico (and others that I just like to see over and over again!), my friend Rich is a novice birder who wanted to have a sampling of tropical birdlife. We started on the Pacific slope (Finca Los Tarrales, Cerro Tecpán), then headed north to the cloud forest (Chelemhá Reserve, Biotopo del Quetzal), foothills (Hun Nal Ye Reserve), and finally, the drier forest of Tikal National Park.

Highlights included close and prolonged looks at Hook-billed Kite, Great Curassow, and Orange-breasted Falcon (the latter with two chicks at its eyrie on Temple IV) at Tikal; a spectacular array of colorful and animated toucans, motmots, oropendolas, jays, trogons, parrots, tanagers, manakins, and orioles; and a very cooperative Hooded Grosbeak near Tecpán that rewarded us with eye-level scope views after keeping us waiting for two hours! Hummingbirds were also a major attraction, with twenty species seen; including leks of Wine-throated and both hermits.

Knut was an outstanding guide, as on my previous tour. His knowledge of the birds is encyclopedic, and his sharp eyes and perseverance were greatly appreciated. We also had the pleasure of being escorted nearly everywhere by the tourism police - a national service provided free of charge to ensure the safety of tourists. In summary, an outstanding experience for novice and veteran birders alike.

270 total species (48 heard only)


Day 1, May 8: Arrival in Guatemala City, Cerro Alux (afternoon), evening in Los Tarrales Reserve.
Day 2, May 9: Los Tarrales Reserve (morning), Cerro Tecpán (afternoon), evening in Guatemala City (Hotel Best Western).
Day 3, May 10: Drive to Chelemhá (morning stop in Motagua Valley), evening in Chelemhá lodge.
Day 4, May 11: Chelemhá Reserve.
Day 5, May 12: Chelemhá lodge (morning), Biotopo del Quetzal (afternoon), evening in Hun Nal Ye lodge.
Day 6, May 13: Hun Nal Ye Reserve.
Day 7, May 14: Hun Nal Ye lodge (morning), drive to Tikal (stop at wetland near Las Pozas), evening in Tikal National Park (Jaguar Inn).
Day 8, May 15: Tikal National Park.
Day 9, May 16: Departure from Flores.


Biotopo del Quetzal: A brief afternoon stop in a private reserve produced brief looks at Emerald Toucanet, Unicolored Jay and Slate-throated Redstart; but little else.

Cerro Alux: A small reserve near Guatemala City that protects a nice patch of mature high elevation (2200 m) pine-oak forest. There are several well-maintained trails through the forest, as well as clearings with restrooms and picnic facilities. Unfortunately, we arrived on a Friday afternoon, when the picnic area was full of happy (and noisy) people, and had to content ourselves with looking at a few Eastern Bluebirds, Rufous-collared Sparrows, and Rufous-collared Robins. Time did not permit further exploration. A lunch stop at the nearby Swiss restaurant produced numerous hummingbirds; including Rufous Sabrewing, Green Violetear, Blue-tailed, White-eared, Azure-crowned, and Magnificent.

Garnet-throated Hummingbird
Garnet-throated Hummingbird

Cerro Tecpán: A high elevation (2100+ m) pine-oak forest east of Lake Atitlán, part of which is easily accessed near a roadside restaurant, where we ate during a driving hailstorm! We also visited a site Knut recently discovered which had some seeding thistles, thus affording an outstanding look at Black-capped Siskin; as well as Steller's Jays, Rufous-collared Robins, White-naped Brush-Finches, and a gorgeous Hooded Grosbeak (see summary). Our main target at the former spot was Pink-headed Warbler, which was cooperative, although our birding was hampered by the cold and damp conditions following the passage of a brutal cold front.

Chelemha Lodge: A small and cozy (no electricity) lodge perched on a steep slope below pristine cloud forest at an elevation of 2000-2500 m. While the star attraction is the large number of nesting Resplendent Quetzals, we were not well rewarded, seeing just a single male flying above the ridge on the day we arrived. However, that was enough to stir the senses! We were more than compensated by the nesting Blue-throated Motmots at the lodge, and particularly by the antics of the hordes of Garnet-throated, Amethyst-throated, Magnificent, and White-eared Hummingbirds, and Green-throated Mountain-gems that constantly fought over the feeders; while a single female Slender Sheartail on the first afternoon was tantalizing. Birding inside the forest was more challenging, where we were serenaded by Black and Mountain Robins, Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrushes, Brown-backed and Slate-colored Solitaires, Mountain Trogons, Rufous-browed Wrens, Gray-breasted Wood-Wrens, and Slate-throated Redstarts on each hike; but the dense growth of ferns, vines and epiphytes only permitted occasional glimpses of the singers. The notable exception was a cooperative pair of Blue-crowned Chlorophonias that rewarded us the first afternoon. It rained in quantity each evening, significantly limiting our opportunities for owling (we neither saw nor heard any), and making the trails extremely slippery. Nonetheless, a morning hike to the top of the ridge rewarded Knut and me (Rich was feeling the effects of the high altitude and long days) with outstanding looks at displaying Wine-throated Hummingbirds, as well as three fly-by Barred Parakeets (which I initially mistook for White-collared Swifts due to their long pointed wings). This was a magical place despite the rain, mud and paucity of Quetzals!

Los Tarrales Reserve: A large ornamental plant and coffee plantation on the southern slope of the Atitlán volcano. This is one of the prime ecotourism destinations in the region, with very comfortable accommodations in several newly renovated buildings and excellent trails though forest ranging in elevation from 760-2500 m. Some of the lower trails have interpretive signs that identify the plant species, and are home to a wide variety of lowland and mid-elevation birds; including regional endemics such as White-bellied Chachalaca, Pacific Parakeet, and Long-tailed Manakin. We encountered two of the latter who seemed ready to perform their whimsical dance almost directly above the road, but apparently decided to seek a more concealed location for that activity. We were also entertained by trios of Rufous-naped Wrens and Collared Aracari near the office, an adorable Common Tody-Flycatcher wagging and fanning his tiny tail, and an eye-level perched Crested Guan at the Manakin spot. Time did not permit an excursion to the higher slopes, but we were told that Horned Guan and Azure-rumped Tanager had been seen in previous days.

Hun Nal Ye lodge: A new ecotourist lodge in the foothills (500 m) a short distance north of Cobán. They were still having some teething problems (intermittent electricity and hot water), but the birding was excellent. We explored several trails inside the forest, but the edges and pastures produced the best birding, where we had outstanding looks at Keel-billed Toucans, Chestnut-colored Woodpecker, Ringed Kingfishers, Crimson-collared Tanagers, Red-capped and White-collared Manakins, and a few jumping Blue-black Grassquits. A colony of Montezuma Oropendolas and its attendant Giant Cowbirds was thoroughly enjoyable, much more so than the Nightingale Wren we pursued inside the forest, which teased us with his fluty song and afforded a mere glimpse after getting close to inspect a small speaker placed a few meters from us.

Motagua Valley: We made a brief early morning stop at a roadside facility by a river while enroute to Chelemhá. The sun had just risen, stirring the insect life, which resulted in a flurry of flycatching behavior by Turquoise-browed and Russet-crowned Motmots, Golden-fronted Woodpeckers, Altamira and Streak-backed Orioles, and Great Kiskadee.

Orange-breasted Falcon
Juvenile Orange-breasted Falcons

Tikal National Park: The highlight of the trip without a doubt! We were greeted by a close pair of Red-lored Parrots in the trees above the Jaguar Inn the first afternoon, and a Vermiculated Screech-Owl that responded nicely to a recording, several gobbling Ocellated Turkeys, and a Roadside Hawk having a snake for breakfast early the following morning along the road that used to be the old airstrip. A mid-morning walk through the ruins rewarded us with the incredible sight of a male Great Curassow and a Coatimundi trailing a group of Spider Monkeys to feast on their discarded fruit just a few meters from us - probably my personal highlight. A few minutes later we climbed the steep ladders to the top of Temple IV, Knut having received permission to view the Orange-breasted Falcon eyrie nearly 70 meters above the ground. The hen graciously permitted our presence, briefly flying off her perch to harass a passing Turkey Vulture, then departing about thirty minutes later to seek a meal for her two chicks (and no doubt give the tardy tiercel a thorough scolding for making her leave the chicks unattended) which gave Knut his best opportunity to photograph them. While atop Temple IV we were also treated to a soaring pair of Hook-billed Kites, and several Plumbeous Kite nests in large epiphytes. The experience of a lifetime! Other notable sightings included groups of Black-headed Trogons plus smaller numbers of Violaceous and Slaty-tailed Trogons among the ruins, a nice assortment of parrots (Red-lored, White-fronted, White-crowned, Mealy, and Olive-throated Parakeet), and a perched Hook-billed Kite on the airstrip road while we searched in vain for a Pheasant Cuckoo. What a perfect reason to return!


(H) - heard only

  1. Great Tinamou Tinamus major (H)
  2. Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamomeus (H)
  3. Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
  4. Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
  5. Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula
  6. White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra
  7. Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens
  8. Highland Guan Penelopina nigra
  9. Great Curassow Crax rubra
  10. Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata
  11. Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge Dendrortyx leucophrys (H)
  12. Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus (H)
  13. Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
  14. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum
  15. Great Egret Ardea alba
  16. Snowy Egret Egretta thula
  17. Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
  18. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
  19. Green Heron Butorides virescens
  20. Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
  21. Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
  22. Osprey Pandion haliaetus
  23. Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus
  24. Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
  25. Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
  26. Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus
  27. Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus
  28. Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber (H)
  29. Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
  30. Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
  31. Rock Pigeon Columba livia
  32. Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
  33. Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa
  34. Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris
  35. Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
  36. Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris (H)
  37. White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica (H)
  38. Inca Dove Columbina inca
  39. Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
  40. Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta
  41. Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
  42. Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa (H)
  43. White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
  44. White-faced Quail-Dove Geotrygon albifacies (H)
  45. Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana (H)
  46. Pacific Parakeet Aratinga strenua
  47. Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana
  48. Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis
  49. Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola
  50. Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis
  51. Brown-hooded Parrot Pyrilia haematotis
  52. White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis
  53. White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons
  54. Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis
  55. Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa (H)
  56. Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
  57. Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
  58. Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus (H)
  59. Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
  60. Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae
  61. Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata (H)
  62. Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
  63. Yucatan Poorwill Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus (H)
  64. Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus
  65. Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis (H)
  66. Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila
  67. White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
  68. Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi
  69. Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
  70. Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
  71. Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
  72. Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus
  73. Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
  74. Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus
  75. Canivet's Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii
  76. White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis
  77. White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida
  78. Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala
  79. Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cyanura
  80. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
  81. Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
  82. Green-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis viridipallens
  83. Amethyst-throated Hummingbird Lampornis amethystinus
  84. Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami
  85. Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
  86. Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
  87. Slender Sheartail Doricha enicura
  88. Wine-throated Hummingbird Atthis ellioti
  89. Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus
  90. Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
  91. Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus (H)
  92. Collared Trogon Trogon collaris (H)
  93. Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena
  94. Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno
  95. Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis
  96. Russet-crowned Motmot Momotus mexicanus
  97. Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota
  98. Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
  99. Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquatus
  100. Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
  101. Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus
  102. Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus
  103. Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
  104. Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
  105. Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani
  106. Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons
  107. Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
  108. Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus (H)
  109. Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus
  110. Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
  111. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus
  112. Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
  113. Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis (H)
  114. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus
  115. Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus (H)
  116. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina
  117. Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus (H)
  118. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus (H)
  119. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster (H)
  120. Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius (H)
  121. Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
  122. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis
  123. Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
  124. Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina
  125. Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis (H)
  126. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum (H)
  127. Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe
  128. Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata (H)
  129. Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
  130. Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii
  131. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
  132. Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus (H)
  133. Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus
  134. Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare
  135. Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
  136. Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens (H)
  137. Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus
  138. Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
  139. Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax
  140. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus
  141. Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
  142. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
  143. Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens
  144. Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
  145. Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus (H)
  146. Yucatan Flycatcher Myiarchus yucatanensis
  147. Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
  148. Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus (H)
  149. Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
  150. Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
  151. Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
  152. Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
  153. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris
  154. Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
  155. Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
  156. Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii
  157. Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina (H)
  158. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
  159. Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
  160. White-collared Manakin Manacus candei
  161. Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis
  162. Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis
  163. Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens
  164. Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni (H)
  165. Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys (H)
  166. Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis
  167. Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps (H)
  168. Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus
  169. Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus (H)
  170. Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
  171. Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri
  172. White-throated Magpie-Jay Calocitta formosa
  173. Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio
  174. Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus
  175. Black-throated Jay Cyanolyca pumilo (H)
  176. Unicolored Jay Aphelocoma unicolor
  177. Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
  178. Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea
  179. Black-capped Swallow Notiochelidon pileata
  180. Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  181. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
  182. Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus
  183. Brown Creeper Certhia americana
  184. Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus
  185. Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha
  186. Spot-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus
  187. Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus (H)
  188. Plain Wren Thryothorus modestus
  189. House Wren Troglodytes aedon
  190. Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus
  191. White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra (H)
  192. White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta (H)
  193. Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys
  194. Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela
  195. Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
  196. Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
  197. Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis
  198. Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor (H)
  199. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris
  200. Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii
  201. Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus
  202. Mountain Thrush Turdus plebejus
  203. Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi
  204. White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis
  205. Rufous-collared Thrush Turdus rufitorques
  206. Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
  207. Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
  208. Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus
  209. Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus
  210. Crescent-chested Warbler Parula superciliosa
  211. Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
  212. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca
  213. Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
  214. Pink-headed Warbler Ergaticus versicolor
  215. Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus
  216. Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
  217. Golden-browed Warbler Basileuterus belli
  218. Gray-throated Chat Granatellus sallaei
  219. Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
  220. Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
  221. Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica (H)
  222. Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda
  223. Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis
  224. White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera
  225. Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
  226. Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
  227. Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus
  228. Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas
  229. Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata
  230. Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
  231. Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
  232. Variable Seedeater Sporophila americana
  233. White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola
  234. Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus
  235. Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula
  236. White-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes albinucha
  237. Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Arremon brunneinucha
  238. Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris
  239. Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus
  240. Prevost's Ground-Sparrow Melozone biarcuata
  241. White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis (H)
  242. Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus (H)
  243. Stripe-headed Sparrow Aimophila ruficauda
  244. Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens
  245. Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
  246. Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens (H)
  247. Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
  248. Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
  249. Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides
  250. Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea
  251. Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
  252. Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna (H)
  253. Melodious Blackbird Dives dives
  254. Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
  255. Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus
  256. Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
  257. Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater (H)
  258. Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus
  259. Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis
  260. Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis
  261. Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus (H)
  262. Chestnut-headed Oropendola Psarocolius wagleri
  263. Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma
  264. Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
  265. Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
  266. Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
  267. Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis
  268. Black-capped Siskin Carduelis atriceps
  269. Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei
  270. House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Robert Orenstein, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Orange-breasted Falcon
Orange-breasted Falcon.

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